Definitions of Science

Science and Why It Matters

How do you define science? Many people define it many different ways. Webster defined it this way in his 1828 dictionary.

SCI’ENCE, n. [L. scientia, from scio, to know.]

1. In a general sense, knowledge, or certain knowledge; the comprehension or understanding of truth or facts by the mind. The science of God must be perfect.

2. In philosophy, a collection of the general principles or leading truths relating to any subject. Pure science, as the mathematics, is built on self-evident truths; but the term science is also applied to other subjects founded on generally acknowledged truths, as metaphysics; or on experiment and observation, as chemistry and natural philosophy; or even to an assemblage of the general principles of an art, as the science of agriculture; the science of navigation. Arts relate to practice, as painting and sculpture.

A principle in science is a rule in art.

3. Art derived from precepts or built on principles.

Science perfects genius.

4. Any art or species of knowledge.

No science doth make known the first principles on which it buildeth.

5. One of the seven liberal branches of knowledge, viz grammar, logic, rhetoric, arithmetic, geometry, astronomy and music.

[Note – Authors have not always been careful to use the terms art and science with due discrimination and precision. Music is an art as well as a science. In general, an art is that which depends on practice or performance, and science that which depends on abstract or speculative principles. The theory of music is a science; the practice of it an art.]

Notice that there is no mention of a requirement of natural causes for your study. Nowadays, if you try to bring any possibility of the supernatural into your explanation you are labeled “un-scientific”. Why? Because they operate under the assumption that all things must have a naturalistic and materialist explanation. This is an assumption that is completely ridiculous and unfounded, as well as being contrary to Scripture. It should be untenable and abhorred by Christians.

John 1:1-3 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.

2 The same was in the beginning with God.

3 All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made.

God knows best about science and creation since He made it. Whatever we discover about His creation must agree with His Word, or we are wrong. Period.

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